Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of negative symptoms in residual schizophrenia: rationale and design of a sham-controlled, randomized multicenter study.
Current meta-analysis revealed small, but significant effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on negative symptoms in patients with schizophrenia. There is a need for further controlled, multicenter trials to assess the clinical efficacy of rTMS on negative symptoms in schizophrenia in a larger sample of patients. The objective of this multicenter, randomized, sham-controlled, rater- and patient-blind clinical trial is to investigate the efficacy of 3-week 10-Hz high frequency rTMS add on to antipsychotic therapy, 15 sessions per 3 weeks, 1,000 stimuli per session, stimulation intensity 110% of the individual motor threshold) of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex for treating negative symptoms in schizophrenia, and to evaluate the effect during a 12 weeks of follow-up. The primary efficacy endpoint is a reduction of negative symptoms as assessed by the negative sum score of the positive and negative symptom score (PANSS). A sample size of 63 in each group will have 80% power to detect an effect size of 0.50. Data analysis will be based on the intention to treat population.
Cordes J, Falkai P, Guse B, Hasan A, Schneider-Axmann T, Arends M, Winterer G, Wölwer W, Ben Sliman E, Ramacher M, Schmidt-Kraepelin C, Ohmann C, Langguth B, Landgrebe M, Eichhammer P, Frank E, Burger J, Hajak G, Rietschel M, Wobrock T. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2009 Nov;259 Suppl 2:S189-97The study will be conducted at three university hospitals in Germany.