Electroconvulsive Therapy-Responsive Catatonia in a Medically Complicated Patient.

Por: Eletroconvulsoterapia - IPAN (Instituto de Pesquisas Avançadas em Neuroestimulação)  26/12/2009
Palavras-chave: Depressão, tratamento, Antidepressivo

 Electroconvulsive Therapy-Responsive Catatonia in a Medically Complicated Patient.

Romanowicz M, Sola CL. J ECT. 2009 Nov 19.
From the Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

BACKGROUND:: Profoundly depressed states of awareness classified as either catatonia or akinetic mutism have been reported in patients with various general medical conditions including encephalitis, frontal lobe tumors, or paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis. Catatonic features are often difficult to apprise in this context. This can result in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) discontinuation, although it remains the most effective treatment of catatonia. CASE REPORT:: We describe the case of a patient with a history of unresectable right retroorbital squamous cell carcinoma, status poststereotactic radiation and cisplatin, and subsequent pneumococcal meningitis of the temporal lobe with abscess formation who became catatonic after receiving 3 bitemporal treatments with ECT for severe depression and whose catatonia improved with continued ECT. Furthermore, she demonstrated progressive improvement in mood, interactivity, and overall neurologic function after ECT treatment was completed.

Palavras-chave: Antidepressivo, Depressão, Eletrochoque, EMTr, Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana, tratamento

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