Meta-analysis of the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on negative and

Por: Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana repetitiva (EMTr)  17/10/2009
Palavras-chave: Esquizofrenia, Estimulação Magnética, EMTr

 Meta-analysis of the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on negative and positive symptoms in schizophrenia.   BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence suggests that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) can alleviate negative and positive symptoms of refractory schizophrenia. However, trials to date have been small and results are mixed. METHODS: We performed meta-analyses of all prospective studies of the therapeutic application of rTMS in refractory schizophrenia assessing the effects of high-frequency rTMS to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) to treat negative symptoms, and low-frequency rTMS to the left temporo-parietal cortex (TPC) to treat auditory hallucinations (AH) and overall positive symptoms. RESULTS: When analyzing controlled (active arms) and uncontrolled studies together, the effect sizes showed significant and moderate effects of rTMS on negative and positive symptoms (based on PANSS-N or SANS, and PANSS-P or SAPS, respectively). However, the analysis for the sham-controlled studies revealed a small non-significant effect size for negative (0.27, p=0.417) and for positive symptoms (0.17, p=0.129). When specifically analyzing AH (based on AHRS, HCS or SAH), the effect size for the sham-controlled studies was large and significant (1.04; p=0.002). Freitas C, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A.   Fonte: Schizophr Res. 2009 Mar;108(1-3):11-24

Palavras-chave: EMTr, Esquizofrenia, Estimulação Magnética

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